First Published: 12 July 2012. Updated: 8 February 2013
MNLA (National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad)
The MNLA is a very recent organisation with a very old cause: the Tuareg have been fighting an insurgency against the central power in Mali since the late 1950s and openly fighting since 1963. This incarnation was created in September 2011 with the arrival of ex-soldiers from Libya after the fall of Gaddafi.