When Sir Baker and his wife, Lady Florence, travelled up the White Nile to northern Uganda, to put a stop to the slave trade, they were informed by way of their prior trip in the area as to the problems of food and especially of meat. The following are some extracts on the topic:
Northern Uganda, 6 March 1872:
The natives of Unyoro are very inferior in PHYSIQUE to the Fatiko [a group further north]. This is the result of vegetable food without either cereals or flesh. None of the general public possess cattle; thus the food of the people from infancy, after their mothers’ milk has ceased, is restricted to plantains and the watery sweet potatoes. The want of milk is very detrimental to the children. The men generally exhibit a want of muscle, and many are troubled with cutaneous diseases.
Travelling during the rainy season, Baker had this to say about local food – especially sweet potatoes, which – together with plantains and beans – were the main items of diet:
Rain fell throughout the night, which makes everybody miserable. During the middle watch, having been awakened by the heavy shower, I heard the sentry outside my tent muttering a kind of low chant:–‘This is the country for rain and potatoes; This is the place for potatoes and rain. Potatoes and rain, potatoes and rain; Rain and potatoes, rain and potatoes’
Neither the rain nor the [sweet] potatoes were esteemed by the troops [Egyptian and Sudanese, whose diets were largely grain-based]. The roots were almost as watery as the rain, and their sweetness was excessive. A very uncomfortable result from this vapid food was extreme flatulence. The waist-belts of the boys were obliged to be let out by several holes at the buckles. As my men justly declared, ‘They were uncomfortably full after a meal; but half-an-hour’s march made them feel as though they had fasted for a day…
Kabba Rega’s messengers presented themselves [Kabba Rega had replaced his father, Kamrasi, as king in Unyoro], with an offering of two cows, a parcel of salt, and some plantains.
One of these cows is a splendid animal from Umiro. She is the size of a fair Durham–bright red colour–with immensely long and massive horns.
This was a wonderful present for Baker and his men, especially the milch cows. Knowing the lack of meat or milk available in this area he had brought a herd of over 1000 cattle from Gondokoro in Southern Sudan for the troops. The large cattle available locally where part of the King’s herds and the milk was all consumed by young women in attempting to fatten them. Baker says:
Had I not had former experience in this country, and provided myself with a herd of cattle, we should have been half-starved, as there is nothing to be procured but beans, sweet potatoes, and plantains
Source: Samuel Baker – Ismailia: A narrative of the expedition to Central Africa for the supression of the slave trade 1878