The following article appeared in a past Newsletter of the American Research Center in Egypt. I will be following up with another blog on shared characteristics of late 18th and early 19th century explorers in Africa.
Cailliaud in 1819
Who was Frédéric Cailliaud, what does he mean to the study of ancient Egypt? Let’s take a step back about 200 years. The year: 1787. The place: Nantes, France. The moment: just before European interaction with ancient Egypt exploded. This was the year in which Frédéric Cailliaud was born. Slightly more than a decade later, Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Egypt with a contingent of scholars; an invasion that ultimately opened the country to European inquiry in ways never before possible.
In 1809, a year before the first volume of Napoleon’s mighty Description de l’Egypte, the academic publication born from his invasion, Cailliaud traveled to Paris where he immersed himself in the study of mineralogy. Two years later Cailliaud left Paris to complete his training as a mineralogist. His wandering led to Constantinople where he worked for the Ottoman ruler, Sultan Mahmud II. In 1815 Cailliaud arrived in Egypt…
- Modern Words that Survive from Ancient Egypt – What, How and Why (dianabuja.wordpress.com)
- Botanical Studies – Ancient Egypt (dianabuja.wordpress.com)
- “La redécouverte des collections de Frédéric Cailliaud : contribution à l’histoire de l’égyptologie” by Philippe Mainterot